Berrien Conservation District

Managing your Natural Resources

Thank you to the community for making our reforestation sale a great success! Over 20,000 seedlings were sold or donated. You really show that Berrien County cares about trees and the environment!


 Thank you for supporting conservation and reforestation efforts.


List of Tree and Shrub varieties 

Douglas Fir Pseudotsuga Menziesii

Height 40-60 ft. Moderately fast growing. Short to medium soft blue-green needles. It grows best in moist, well-drained soil. Prefers full sun but will grow in partial shade. It should not be planted next to Blue Spruce. Can be planted for windbreaks, wildlife, and is a popular Christmas tree because of it’s rounded shape and straight trunk. It is drought resistant, but is sensitive to salt.

 

Fraser Fir Abies fraseri

Height: 30-60 ft. Width: 15-25 ft. Growth Rate: Slow, 6-10 inches per year.  Site selection is very important. It requires well-drained soil and will not tolerate wet soil conditions or droughty conditions. It prefers moist well-drained loam or heavier soil and full sun. Will not tolerate high pH, extreme heat, or extreme drought. Fraser Fir has excellent winter hardiness with a tendency to break dormancy late in the spring. Needles are 1/2 to 3/4 inch in length, dark green on the upper surface, and are silver to bluish on the lower surface. It is a good tree for wildlife cover in the winter, but is susceptible to windfall. It is often damaged by deer. It is shade intolerant. It is not native to Michigan but is commonly planted for Christmas trees or landscapes.

 

Norway Spruce Picea abies

Height 60-100+ ft. Moderately fast growing. Sweeping branches with flat, short 1” to 2” dark green needles. Conical or spire-like form with pendulous branches which distinguishes it from other spruces. Shade tolerant. Most often planted for timber, pulpwood, windbreaks, and wildlife, twigs browsed by deer, needles eaten by grouse. Sensitive to salt, heat, & drought.

 

Red Pine Pinus resinosa Native

Height 50-80 (up to 100) ft. Moderately fast growing native pine. Flexible 4” to 6” long, dark green needles. Grows in well drained, dry, sandy to sandy loam, acidic soils, tolerates most soils. Full sun. Tolerates dry, windy, and rocky conditions. Resistant to a variety of insects and diseases. Reddish tinge bark. Planted for timber production, reforestation, windbreaks, wildlife and sometimes ornamental. The wood is used for construction, millwork, and pulpwood. Salt sensitive.

 

White Pine Pinus strobus Native Michigan State Tree

Height 80-100 (up to 120) ft. Moderate to fast growing. Soft bluish-green 2” - 5” long soft needles. Moderately shade tolerant. Prefers rich, porous, moist to well-drained sandy soil but will grow in most soils. Most often planted for timber production, borders, and wildlife habitat. The wood is generally used for construction, millwork, and pulpwood. Provides food for deer, rabbits and squirrels. Very salt sensitive.

 

 

White Spruce Picea glauca Native

Height 50-85 ft. Slow growth rate. Also known as Canadian Spruce. Prefers wet to moist soil and tolerates shade. Heat and drought tolerant. Can be grown on a variety of soil conditions. Salt sensitive. Used for windbreaks, wildlife, Christmas trees.

 

Black Walnut Juglans nigra Native

Height 60-80 ft. Full sun; very shade intolerant. Moderately fast growing. Valuable hardwood timber tree. Achieves best growth on moist sandy loams. Large tree, producing edible walnuts for human consumption as well as a winter food source for wildlife. Planted for timber and landscaping. The wood is used for furniture, veneer, and gun stocks. While many plants grow well in proximity to Black Walnut, there are certain plant species whose growth is hindered by this tree; Black Walnut trees produce a substance called juglone and sensitive plants may show toxicity symptoms anywhere within the area of root growth.

 

Chestnut Oak Quercus prinus

Height 50-60 ft sometimes taller. Full sun. A large, stately tree. Best grown in sandy, or loamy well-drained soils. Often found on dry upland sites and sandy or rocky soils with low moisture-holding capacity. Drought tolerant. Showy fall colors of yellow, red, & copper. Acorns attract wildlife.

 

Hackberry Celtis occidentalis Native

Height 40-60 ft. Full sun to part shade. Best grown in moist, organically rich, well-drained soils. Tolerates wind, many urban pollutants and a wide range of soil conditions, including both wet, dry and poor soils. Blooms April or May. Edible berries persist into winter. Attracts birds & butterflies.

 

Red Maple Acer rubrum Native

Height 60-90 ft. Moderate to fast growing. Full sun to part shade. Able to grow on a wide variety of soil types. Leaves turn a brilliant red early in the fall. Used as a landscape tree, for re-vegetation, and is a valuable riparian buffer plant due to it’s tolerance of wet soils. The wood is not considered good for lumber or veneer. Seeds provide food for squirrels and some birds. Not preferred by deer as a browse source so it is considered deer resistant.

 

Quaking Aspen Populus tremuloides Native

Height 20-50 ft. Full sun. Best grown in rich, consistently moist, well-drained soils. Most noted for its beautiful white bark, its deep green foliage that quakes in the slightest breeze and its golden yellow fall foliage color. It has the widest geographical distribution of any North American tree. Planted for landscaping or restoration purposes. Attracts birds.

 

Sugar Maple Acer saccharum Native

Height 40-80 ft. Slow to medium growth rate. Full sun to part shade. Easily grown in average, well-drained soil; prefers fertile, slightly acidic soil. Beautiful fall color. Very popular tree for ornamental and shade use. Squirrels feed on the seeds, buds, twigs and leaves. Commercially planted for maple syrup and lumber.

 

Tulip Poplar Liriodendrom tulipifera Native Height 60-100 ft and may reach up to 200 ft. Very fast growing. Also known as (Tulip tree, or yellow poplar). Tallest hardwood without the problems of weak wood strength or short life span. Grows best in loamy, moderately moist soils. Mature trees do not tolerate prolonged flooding. Prefers to be planted near other tulip trees. Yellow-green flowers in June. Should be planted where there is a lot of room for roots. Is sensitive to salt, soil compaction, heat, drought, frost. After planting, seedlings should be watered faithfully. Planted for timber and shade.

 

White Oak Quercus alba Native Height: 60-100 ft. Width: 60-80 ft. Slow Growing. Somewhat shade tolerant, but should be planted in full or partial sun. Prefers well drained, sandy, loam or clay soils. White Oak is native to Michigan. It is a stately tree that retains its leaves into winter. It has a deep taproot and its acorns provide important winter food for wildlife. White oak acorns are preferred by wildlife over red oak acorns because they are more palatable. The leaves have a red or brown to maroon color in the fall. White Oak is often planted as a shade tree and is less susceptible to Oak Wilt Disease than Red Oak. It is sensitive to soil compaction.

 

American Hazelnut Corylus Americana Native

Height 6-15 ft. Wildlife shrub which grows best in well-drained, loamy soil. Full sun to partial shade. Large, thicket forming shrub. Best grown informally in naturalized areas, open woodland gardens or prairies where it can be allowed to spread. May be planted for ornamental due to its long, narrow, showy cluster of male flowers and its leaves are copper-red in fall. Needs to be planted in groups of at least 2 or 3 to ensure pollination. Good source of feed for wildlife; the nut is eaten by squirrels, chipmunks, blue jays, deer, grouse, turkey, and pheasant.

 

Button Bush Cephalanthus occidentalis Native Height 5-12 ft. , sometimes taller. Full sun to part shade. Grows well in wet soils; adapts to a wide range of soils except dry. Tiny, tubular, fragrant white flowers appear in dense, spherical, long-stalked flower heads in early to mid-summer. Long, projecting styles give the flower heads a distinctively pincushion-like appearance. Flower heads mature into hard spherical ball-like fruits consisting of multiple tiny two-seeded nutlets. Fruiting heads usually persist throughout the winter. Can be used in rain gardens, planted along streams, ponds. Attracts bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds. Can be used for erosion control.

 

Common Lilac Syringa vulgaris

Height 8-15 ft. Moderate growth rate, large shrub. Adaptable to many soil types; prefers well-drained, slightly acidic, sandy to loam soil. Full sun to part shade. Large, spectacular, fragrant showy clusters of white or lavender flowers that bloom in spring. Effective as a specimen or massed, or may be grown as a hedge. Good for shrub borders.

 

Highbush Cranberry Viburnum trilobum Native Height 3-12 ft. Shrub. Adaptable to many soil types; prefers well drained loamy soils. Moderately shade tolerant. Frequently found throughout Michigan along streams, open swamps, and wet grounds. Produces clus-ters of white flowers. Bright red fruits persist well into winter, providing wildlife food and cover. Commonly used for hedgerows, landscaping, and wildlife habitat. Fruit is mildly toxic to humans in large amounts.

 

Red Bud Cercis Canadensis Native

Height 15-30 ft. Slow growing, small tree. Full sun to part shade. Will grow in many soil types; prefers moist, well-drained loamy soil. At five years small, clustered, purple-lavender buds in early spring opening to pink-lavender flowers displayed before foliage emerges. For landscaping or in a woodland planting. Sensitive to salt and not tolerant to stress.

 

Red Osier Dogwood Cornus stolonifera Native

Height 3-15 ft. Medium to tall shrub. Prefers rich, moist soils; but will grow on most soils. Shade intolerant. Fruits are small white berry in late summer-early fall.. White flowers in June, Popular shrub for streambank stabilizations, landscaping, and wildlife plantings. Easily transplanted. Also known as Red Twig Dogwood.

 

 Serviceberry, Alleghany Amelanchier laevis Native

Height 15-25ft. Sometimes to 40 ft. Also known as Shadblow or Juneberry. Considered large shrub or small tree. Full sun to part shade. Moderate growth rate. Adapts to dry conditions but performs best in moist, well-drained soils. Showy, slightly fragrant, white flowers in drooping clusters in April before the leaves. Small, round, edible berries which ripen to dark purplish-black in June & resemble blueberries in size, color and taste. Berries are often used in jams, jellies and pies. Leaves turn red-orange in fall. Attractive understory tree for lawns, shrub borders, woodland margins or native plant areas. Shrub forms can be grown as tall informal hedges or screens. Attracts many varieties of birds.

 

White Flowering Dogwood Cornus florida Native

Height: 25-30 ft. Spread 25-30 ft. Full sun promotes greatest flowering but tolerates partial shade, prefers a cool, moist, well drained acidic soil that contains organic matter. Not tolerant of heat, drought, pollution or road salt. Flowers are showy in spring. Leaves turn red-purple in fall. Glossy red fruits attract winter songbirds. Has four season appeal in flowers, fruits, fall color, bark and branching character.

 

Winterberry (Michigan Holly) Ilex verticilata Native Height 6-10 ft. Full sun to partial shade. Slow growing. Likes acidic, moist to wet soils, somewhat adaptable to soils that are occasionally dry. Best used in a group or mass planting, along borders, as a screen, in wet naturalized areas, and at the very edge of bodies of water. There are male & female plants—so need to plant in multiples to ensure female plants set fruit. Wildlife is attracted to the red berries that persist into winter unless eaten.

 

Cortland Apple Height 12+ feet. Full sun. Requires pollinator (planting with another apple variety that blooms at the same time for pollination)– see Ginger Gold. The sweet, juicy, slightly tart apples are good for eating raw, cooking, or making juice or cider. Cortland apples work well in fruit salads because the snow white apples are resistant to browning. Harvest in mid Sept. 

 

Ginger Gold Apple Height 12+ ft. Full sun. Blooms mid-season. Sweet-tart, very crisp. Good all purpose. Requires planting with a different apple variety to insure pollination. Good pollinizer for Cortland or Braeburn. Ripens late Aug. to early Sept.

 

Redfield Braeburn Apple Height 12+ ft. Full sun. Bright red, crisp & juicy with a sweet/ tart flavor. Good for eating, baking. Needs planting with a different apple variety to insure pollination. Braeburn and Ginger Gold can be planted together to pollinate each other.  Harvest in late fall.


Comice Pear Height 15+ ft. Full sun. A well-known dessert & fresh eating pear. The skin color is golden yellow and sometimes tinged lightly with red. Blight resistance is good. Pollinizer needed; see Flemish Beauty pear or another European pear that blooms at the same time. Ripens late Sept into Oct.


Flemish Beauty Pear Height 15+ ft. Full sun. Hardy. Fire blight resistant . It has red blushed skin with yellow-white flesh. Great for fresh eating. Pollinizer needed; see Comice or another European pear that blooms at the same time. Harvest in mid-Sept.

 

Glohaven Peach Height 10 ft. Full sun. Self-fertile. Fruiting possible in 3rd year. Large peach with very little fuzz. Skin is red with a golden background. Good for canning, freezing, desserts. Freestone. Tree is vigorous, productive, and hardy. Ripens mid August.

 

Loring Peach Height 10-14 ft. Full sun. Self-fertile. Fruiting possible in 3rd year. Loring peach is a very attractive, large yellow peach with a hint on red blush. It has very firm, melting yellow flesh with excellent flavor. It is freestone and ripens in mid-season. It has gained a good reputation as one of the better eating peaches.


Sweetheart Sweet Cherry Height 15-20+ ft. Full sun. Self-fertile. Large, sweet, juicy, crack resistant fruit. Mid-season harvest. An excellent pollinizer for other cherries with the same bloom time. Good for eating, juice, canning, freezing, cooking, baking, dessert quality.