Berrien Conservation District

Managing your Natural Resources

Thank you to everyone who purchased a tree or shrub seedling, rain barrel, or composter at our sale! See you in 2020!

Tree  & Shrub Descriptions 


American Hazelnut 

Corylus americana (native to Michigan) Height 6-15 ft. Wildlife shrub which grows best in well-drained, loamy soil. Full sun to partial shade. Leaves are somewhat heart-shaped. Large, thicket forming shrub. Best grown informally in naturalized areas, open woodland gardens or prairies where it can be allowed to spread. May also be used as a screen or rear of a shrub border. May be planted for ornamental due to its long, narrow, showy cluster of male flowers and its leaves are copper-red in fall. Needs to be planted in groups of at least 2 or 3 to ensure pollination. A very good source of feed for wildlife; the nut is eaten by squirrels, chipmunks, blue jays, deer, grouse, turkey, and pheasant. Beaver eat the bark.


Burr Oak

Height 80-90 ft. Medium growth rate. Native. Full sun. Also known as Mossycup Oak. Native. Branches are crooked, acorns large. In the White Oak family and less susceptible to Oak Wilt disease than red oak. Large canopy, needs room to grow. Yellow leaves in fall. Attracts wildlife. 


Colorado Blue Spruce

Height 60-80 ft. May reach 100 ft. Slow growing, dense foliage. Silvery, blue-green needles 1” to 1½” long. Prefers rich, moist soils and full sun but is moderately tolerant to dry sites, shade, wind, salt, and air pollution. Planted for wildlife cover, screens, windbreaks, landscaping, and Christmas trees


Common Lilac

Height 8-15 ft. Moderate growth rate, large shrub. Adaptable to many soil types; prefers well-drained, slightly acidic, sandy to loam soil. Full sun to part shade. Large, spectacular, fragrant showy clusters of white or lavender flowers that bloom in spring. Effective as a specimen or massed, or may be grown as a hedge. Good for shrub borders. Flowers may be purple or white


Concolor Fir

Height 60-80 ft. Moderate growth rate. Full to partial sun. Although it can exist on poor, dry sites it grows best in moist, well drained, sandy loam, slightly acidic soils. Does not grow well on heavy clay. A rapid grower after it becomes established. Also known as White Fir. Needles have a pleasant mild citrus smell. Great for ornamental landscaping and Christmas trees. 


Douglas Fir 

Height 40-60 ft. Moderately fast growing. Short to medium soft blue-green needles. It grows best in moist, well-drained soil. Prefers full sun but will grow in partial shade. It should not be planted next to Blue Spruce. Can be planted for windbreaks, wildlife, and is a popular Christmas tree because of it’s rounded shape and straight trunk. It is drought resistant, but is sensitive to salt


Fraser Fir

Scientific Name: Abies fraseriHeight: 30-60 feet Width: 15-25 feet Growth Rate: 6-10 inches per year Habitat: Site selection is very important. It requires well-drained soil and will not tolerate wet soil conditions or droughty conditions. It prefers moist well-drained loam or heavier soil and full sun. Will not tolerate high ph, extreme heat, or extreme drought.Spacing: 8' x 8' or 10' x 10'

Fraser Fir has excellent winter hardiness with a tendency to break dormancy late in the spring. Needles are 1/2 to 3/4 inch in length, dark green on the upper surface, and it is silver to bluish on the lower surface. It is a good tree for wildlife cover in the winter, but is susceptible to windfall. It is often damaged by deer. It is shade intolerant. Fraser fir is not native to Michigan but is commonly planted for Christmas trees or as accent or specimen trees in the landscape.


Grey Dogwood 

Cornus racemosa (native to Michigan)

Height 8-15 ft. Native to Michigan. Full sun to full shade; performs best in full sun to partial sun. Prefers moist, well-drained soils but is adaptable to many adverse conditions, including poor, dry, or wet soils. Usually a medium sized multi-stemmed 8 ft. shrub but can be pruned to a small tree of a few trunks reaching 15 ft. Creamy colored flowers in late May or June. White fruit in August or September. Foliage autumn color is a mix of green, purple and red. Left as a shrub it is used for mass plantings, borders, embankments, barrier hedges, wildlife, naturalization. Tree form is planted for foundations, entrance ways, or borders.


Norway Spruce
Height 60-100+ ft. Moderately fast growing. Sweeping branches with flat, short 1” to 2” dark green needles. Conical or spire-like form with pendulous branches which distinguishes it from other spruces. Shade tolerant. Most often planted for timber, pulpwood, windbreaks, and wildlife, twigs browsed by deer, needles eaten by grouse. Sensitive to salt, heat, & drought. 

Paper Birch
Height 40-80 ft. Fast growing, prefers wet to moist soil and needs full sun. Native. Paper birch is also known as white birch or canoe birch due to the white, peeling bark. Leaves turn yellow in fall. Tree is highly susceptible to the bronze birch borer, an insect pest whose larvae feed in the cambium just beneath the bark. Keeping trees healthy will help prevent borer attacks. Considered one of the most attractive trees in the forest; the ornamental characteristics are enhanced when planted in a close group as a double or multi-trunked tree. 

Quaking Aspen 

Populus tremuloides (native to Michigan)

Mature Height: 20-50 feet Mature Spread: 10-30 feet Sun Exposure: Full Sun Fall Color: Golden yellow Bloom Period: April Soil: Moist, well drained Attracts: Birds

Populus tremuloides , commonly called Quaking or American Aspen, is perhaps most noted for its beautiful white bark, its deep green foliage that quakes in the slightest breeze and its golden yellow fall foliage color. It has the widest geographical distribution of any North American tree, being indigenous to Alaska and most of Canada, the Pacific Northwest, New England, the Great Lakes and south in the Rockies to New Mexico and Arizona.. It is a medium sized deciduous tree that typically grows 20-50' tall with a narrow, rounded crown. Ovate-triangular to nearly round, dark glossy green leaves (to 3" long) are finely toothed. Leaves flutter in even the smallest amount of wind due to flattened leaf stalks. Leaves turn a beautiful golden yellow in the fall. Aspens are diocecious, with male and female flowers appearing in separate catkins on separate clones in spring before the foliage. Catkins are gray-green and not showy. Small drooping fruiting clusters follow the female flowers in late May Bark of young trees is smooth and greenish white. As the tree matures, bark becomes chalky white with black warty patching. In the wild, aspens typically appear in groupings or groves, with all of the stems in a grouping being clones rising from a single extensive root system.


Eastern Red Bud

Cercis canadensis (native to Michigan)

Height 15-30 ft. Slow growing, small tree. Full sun to part shade. Will grow in many soil types; prefers moist, well-drained loamy soil. At five years old small, clustered, purple-lavender buds in early spring opening to pink-lavender flowers displayed before foliage emerges. Planted for landscaping or in a woodland planting. Sensitive to salt and not tolerant to stress.


Red Maple
Height 60-90 ft. Moderate to fast growing. Native. Full sun to part shade. Able to grow on a wide variety of soil types. Leaves turn a brilliant red early in the fall. Used as a landscape tree, for re-vegetation, and is a valuable riparian buffer plant due to it’s tolerance of wet soils. The wood is not considered good for lumber or veneer. Seeds provide food for squirrels and some birds. Not preferred by deer as a browse source so it is considered deer resistant. 


Red Oak

Height 60-80 ft. Relatively fast growth rate. Native. Full sun to part shade. Prefers moist, cool, well-drained acidic, sandy loam soil. Tallest and most rapidly growing oak. Red Oak acorns take 2 years to develop and are more bitter than white oak acorns which are preferred by wildlife. Leaves turn deep red to brown in fall. Planted as a shade tree, lawn tree, timber production, and wildlife. Salt tolerant. Very susceptible to Oak Wilt Disease


Red Pine

Height 50-80 (up to 100) ft. Moderately fast growing native pine. Native. Flexible 4” to 6” long, dark green needles. Grows in well drained, dry, sandy to sandy loam, acidic soils, tolerates most soils. Full sun. Tolerates dry, windy, and rocky conditions. Resistant to a variety of insects and diseases. Reddish tinge bark. Planted for timber production, reforestation, windbreaks, wildlife and sometimes ornamental. The wood is used for construction, millwork, and pulpwood. Salt sensitive.


Serviceberry, Alleghany 

Amelanchier laevis Height 15 to 40 ft. Considered large shrub or small tree. Native to Michigan. Moderate growth rate. Adapts to dry conditions but performs best in moist, well-drained soils. Showy, slightly fragrant, white flowers in drooping clusters in April before the leaves. Small round, edible berries which ripen to dark purplish-black in June and resemble blueberries in size, color and taste. Berries are often used in jams, jellies, and pies. Leaves turn red-orange in fall. Attractive understory tree for lawns, shrub borders, woodland margins or native plant areas. Shrub forms can be grown as tall informal hedges or screens. Attracts many varieties of birds.


Shagbark Hickory

Carya ovata Height 70-90 ft. Relatively slow growth rate. Full sun. Native to Michigan. Prefers rich well drained loam soil, but is adaptable to many soil types. Shagbark is one of the easiest trees to identify because its bark separates into large, irregular shaped strips that curve out at both ends, giving the trunk a rough, shaggy appearance when the tree is mature. The bark is very tough and hard. Nuts produced are used by wildlife including squirrels, chipmunks, raccoons, turkeys, grosbeaks, woodpeckers, blue jays, and nuthatches. The lumber has many uses.


Speckled Alder

Alnus incana subsp. rugosa (native to Michigan)

Height:15-25ft, Spread: 15-25ft. Full sun to part shade. Blooms in March.  Soil: Moist, well drained.  A moderate to fast growing, thicket forming, spreading small tree or shrub. Native to wet, sandy, or gravelly soils, often next to lakes, ponds, streams, and swamps. Called Speckled Alder because of the white warty lenticils (pores) that speckle the bark. Flowers are monoecious (separate male and female flowers on the same tree), appearing in catkins in March-April before the leaves. Female catkins are followed by 1 in. long fruiting cones composed of winged seeds. These fruiting cones mature to reddish-brown in fall with persistence into winter, resemble small pine cones & are attractive to birds. Female flowers pollinated by wind. Insignificant fall color.  Best for moist areas of the landscape. Tolerates poor soils, streambanks, and pond margins.

 


Sugar Maple
Height 40-80 ft. Slow to medium growth rate. Native. Full sun to part shade. Easily grown in average, well-drained soil; prefers fertile, slightly acidic soil. Beautiful fall color. Very popular tree for ornamental and shade use. Squirrels feed on the seeds, buds, twigs and leaves. Commercially planted for maple syrup and lumber.
 

White Cedar

Height 30-50 ft. Slow growing. Native.  Also known as American Arborvitae, Eastern Arborvitae, Northern or Eastern White Cedar, Swamp Cedar. Member of Cypress family. Pyramidal shaped. Prefers cool, moist, nutrient rich sites; not too wet or too dry. Bark is gray-brown to reddish, fibrous. Thickly-leaved fan-like branches. Good for wildlife habitat, birds, deer browse. Used for fencing, posts, lumber. Often planted as a border.


White Flowering Dogwood 

Cornus florida (native)

Height: 25 - 30 ft. Spread 25 - 30 ft. Full sun promotes greatest flowering but tolerates partial shade well, prefers a cool, moist, well drained acidic soil that contains organic matter. Not tolerant of stresses such as heat, drought, pollution or road salt. Flowers are showy in spring. Leaves turn red-purple in fall. Glossy red fruits attract winter songbirds. Native to the eastern and central United States. Has four season appeal in flowers, fruits, fall color, bark and branching character.


White Oak

Height: 60-100’ Width: 60-80’ Slow Growing. Somewhat shade tolerant, but should be planted in full or partial sun. Prefers well drained, sandy, loam or clay soils. White Oak is native to Michigan. It is a stately tree that retains its leaves into winter. It has a deep taproot and its acorns provide important winter food for wildlife. White oak acorns are preferred by wildlife over red oak acorns because they are more palatable. The leaves have a red or brown to maroon color in the fall. White Oak is often planted as a shade tree and is less susceptible to Oak Wilt Disease than red oak. It is sensitive to soil compaction. 

White Pine
Height 80-100 (up to 120) ft. Native. Michigan State Tree! Moderate to fast growing. Soft bluish-green 2” - 5” long soft needles. Moderately shade tolerant. Prefers rich, porous, moist to well-drained sandy soil but will grow in most soils. Most often planted for timber production, borders, and wildlife habitat. The wood is generally used for construction, millwork, and pulpwood. Provides food for deer, rabbits and squirrels. Very salt sensitive. 

Winterberry

Winterberry or Michigan Holly Ilex verticilata (Native to Michigan)

Height 6-10 ft. Shrub. Native to Michigan. Full sun to partial shade. Slow growing, Also known as Michigan Holly. Likes acidic, moist to wet soils, somewhat adaptable to soils that are occasionally dry. Best used in a group or mass planting, along borders, as a deciduous screen, in wet naturalized areas, and at the very edge of bodies of water. There are male and female plants - so need to plant in multiples to ensure female plants set fruit. Wildlife is attracted to the red berries that persist into winter unless eaten



Aztec Fuji Apple

Height 12-14 feet Bloom Character Early blooming, requires pollinator Fruit Characteristics Medium size fruit Growth Rate/Habit Spreading habit, average vigor Harvest Period Late October Site Requirements Full Sun Spacing 10-15 feet between trees, 18-22 feet between rows

Requires planting with another apple variety that blooms at the same time for pollination.

Almost all fruit requires bees to pollinate and set fruit. It is necessary to transfer pollen from the anthers in a bloom the the pistil. On varieties requiring another variety for pollination, bees usually do the job when they visit the bloom for nectar or to harvest pollen.

The Red Fuji strain Aztec is the No. 1 Red Fuji planted today with its red blush the standard color for all Red Fuji selections. Aztec is considered by many the best coloring Red Fuji on the market. High dessert quality and wonderful for pies. The tree is similar in shape, growth habit, and production to other Red Fuji.


Bartlett Pear

A pear for both canning and fresh fruit eating. The fruit normally is of large size, has a smooth and attractive appearance with a golden-yellow color slightly blushed with red, sometimes dotted with russet. Its flesh is tender and juicy, buttery and of high dessert quality. Bears young and tree has a tendency for compact, upright growth. 

Requires planting with another pear variety that blooms at the same time for pollination.

Almost all fruit requires bees to pollinate and set fruit. It is necessary to transfer pollen from the anthers in a bloom the the pistil. On varieties requiring another variety for pollination, bees usually do the job when they visit the bloom for nectar or to harvest pollen.


Bosc-Golden Russet Pear

Height 10-15 ft. Full sun. European late blooming pear. Trees have average vigor, upright habit, and spurry. Fruit is sweet, crisp, very juicy, keeps well and has more complete russetting and a golden-bronze color. Harvest mid-season to early fall. High dessert quality, canning, freezing, baking. Pollinizer needed-see Bartlett Pear. (needs to be planted with another variety of European pear for pollination) Sold as a single bare root seedling, 3 to 6 foot tall. Note: 

Requires planting with another European pear variety that blooms at the same time for pollination.

Almost all fruit requires bees to pollinate and set fruit. It is necessary to transfer pollen from the anthers in a bloom the the pistil. On varieties requiring another variety for pollination, bees usually do the job when they visit the bloom for nectar or to harvest pollen.


Gibson Golden Apple

Height range 10-16 ft. Can be pruned shorter. Full sun. Produces crisp sweet-tart, yellow-gold fruit. Good all purpose. Average vigor tree growth, open and spreading. Highly productive, may need to be thinned if heavy crop. Harvest late September to early October. Often planted with other apple varieties as a pollinizer For example Gibson Golden and Honeycrisp or Aztec Fuji can be planted together to pollinate each other. Sold as a single seedling, 4-6 foot tall. Note: No shipping on seedlings. Pick up only. See website homepage for details.

Requires planting with another apple variety that blooms at the same time for pollination.

Almost all fruit requires bees to pollinate and set fruit. It is necessary to transfer pollen from the anthers in a bloom the the pistil. On varieties requiring another variety for pollination, bees usually do the job when they visit the bloom for nectar or to harvest pollen.


Honeycrisp Apple

Height range 14-20 ft. Can be pruned shorter. Full sun. Produces crisp, juicy, sweet, red to reddish-yellow fruit. Good for eating, baking. Highly productive. Very popular apple. Harvest in mid-September. Requires planting with a different apple variety to insure pollination. For example Honeycrisp and Gibson Golden Delicious can be planted together to pollinate each other. Sold as a single seedling, 4-6 foot tall. 

Almost all fruit requires bees to pollinate and set fruit. It is necessary to transfer pollen from the anthers in a bloom the the pistil. On varieties requiring another variety for pollination, bees usually do the job when they visit the bloom for nectar or to harvest pollen.


Lapins Sweet Cherry

Height:16-20 feet

Blooms: Early blooming, self fertile, excellent pollinizer for other early bloomers

Fruit" Very productive, large crack resistant fruit. Short shelf life.

Growth Rate: Average vigor, spreading habit

Harvest Period: Mid Season-late June or July

Site Requires full sun

 
Redhaven Peach
Height 8-10 ft. in approximately 8 years. Plant in full sun. Self-fertile. Fruiting possible in third year. Produces a reddish-yellow, freestone, juicy fruit. Excellent all purpose peach. Open growth, average vigor tree. Highly productive—requires thinning. August harvest. Sold as a single bare root seedling, 3 to 6 foot tall. 

Red Raspberries

"September" Red Raspberries are considered an ever-bearing variety and will produce berries in July and September. Fruit is deliciously tart- sweet and is bright red in color. Cold hardy and vigorous grower.

What Type Of Soil: Requires neutral soil, a pH of 6.5 to 7. Will grow in clay, sandy soil or any type of black soil. If potting, any type of potting soil will do.

How To Plant: The top root on the cane should only be 1" below the ground line. Plants should be spaced 3 to 4 feet apart.All Raspberries are self polinating - it is not necessary to plant more than one variety.


Strawberries

Albion Strawberries are considered an ever-bearing variety, they will produce berries in June and September. Large fruit with excellent flavor. Sold in Bareroot bundle of 25 plants

  • Plant in a 6-8" deep furrow so that the crowns are above the soil.
  • Plant should be 12-18" apart in the row.